Volga German Bean and Noodle Soup
We are looking for a traditional recipe for Volga German Bean and Noodle soup. Lacking that, here is our concept:
1 pound of beans, soak them overnight in cold water. Drain them and put them in a soup pot. Add about a quart of fresh water (enough to cover the beans plus one inch) a bay leaf, and one large onion, chopped. A small ham hock or chunk of salt pork is optional, but highly recommended. Bring it just to a boil and then lower the heat until it is barely simmering. Stir it and check the water level from time to time. If the beans have absorbed all the water, add more. Freshly harvested beans will cook in as little as two hours. When the beans are nicely cooked, but not split and mushly, add another quart of water, and remove the ham hock or salt pork. Bring it back to a boil, and add a quarter pound of egg noodles, and a lot a chopped garlic. Turn down the heat and let it simmer until the noodles are cooked, about 10 - 15 minutes. Add salt and black pepper and/or hot sauce to taste.
If the bean soup is done before it's time for supper, just turn the stove off and let them sit for up to an hour before adding the water and bringing it back to a boil to cook the noodles and garlic. Anything made with dried beans is even better reheated.
Frye's Golden Goose Baked Beans
Frye beans are a gift from our neighbor Torchy Oberg. I have never seen anything exactly like them in a seed catalog or other source. The closest is Swedish Brown Bean in Roger Yepson's A Celebration of Heirloom Vegetables, which includes a recipe for baked Swedish beans. I have not tried Roger's recipe, but here is my own:
One pound of beans, soak them overnight in cold water. Drain the beans, and put them in an oven-proof casserole. Add one large onion, coarsely chopped, a ham hock (or a shank if you want more bits of ham in your beans), 2 T of black molasses, one T of good prepared mustard, 1/4 t of ground cloves, and enough water to cover the beans about an inch deep. Bake, with the cover on, at 325 for about three hours, checking at about two hours to make sure there is enough water. You want the beans to absorb most of the water but not to get dry. Take the casserole out of the oven after three hours, remove the ham bone, and taste a bean to see how tender it is. Put the casserole back to continure cooking or just to stay warm. When the ham bone is cool enough to handle, cut off the bits of meat and return them to the casserole. If the beans are too juicy, leave the cover off for the last half hour to one hour of cooking.
Green Cabbage Recipes
It can seem intimidating if you never fermented anything before, but it's actually quite easy. All you have to do is chop up the cabbage (and whatever other veggies you want in the sauerkraut - I like using carrots and beets) and mix it with a little salt. Use about 3 tablespoons of salt for every 5 pounds of cabbage. Mash the cabbage and salt mix down into a glass jar or crock until the juices come up and cover all the veggies. You really need to mash it down hard so there's no air left. Your fist is a good tool for this. If there's air in with the cabbage, it won't ferment the right way. Make sure you leave a few inches at the top of the jar or crock. Create a seal at the top of the jar by covering the mash with a plastic bag. Get the plastic bag really tight onto the mash try not to leave any air under the bag. Fill a second plastic bag with water, and put this on top of the first bag. This acts as a weight to keep it sealed. The juice may run over every few days. If this happens, check to make sure that the veggie mix is still completely immersed in liquid. If not, mix a brine of water with a few dashes of salt and pour it over the mix. Leave the sauerkraut at room temperature for a few weeks. When it tastes like it's ready, it is! It will keep in the refrigerator for a few months. - Joanna Levy
Core the cabbage and submerge in boiling water for about 1 minute, until slightly wilted. Place the boiled cabbage in a bowl of cold water, then drain them and put aside until the stuffing is ready. For the stuffing mince up garlic, onion, carrots, parsley, salt, pepper and whatever else your heart desires. Mix the mince goods with (uncooked) ground beef and cooked rice. Peel the leaves off the cabbage, and place a handful of stuffing in the center of each leaf and roll. Place the rolls with the loose edge down in a lightly oiled baking dish. Cover with your mama's special tomato sauce and bake for 30-45 minutes on 375°. - Brandon Mazur
Coleslaw, vinaigrette style
Finely chop cabbage, and mix with finely chopped onions, grated carrots, olive oil, white wine vinegar, a spoonful or two of brown mustard, and salt and pepper to taste. You can also add some crushed caraway seed, celery seed, and/or horseradish. Let the flavors blend for at least an hour at room temperature, or store, covered, for up to four days in the refrigerator. Serve at room temperature. Because this has no mayonaise, it's great for picnics. A few hours without chilling only improves the flavor.
Italian Farm House Favas
Fava Beans should have bright green pods. Black spots are normal, but avoid pods which are more than 1/3 black or dull in color. Fava beans should be used as soon as possible, certainly within 3 days of harvest, Ask the vendor when the favas were picked.
When favas are very young and fresh, they can be shelled and and the beans eaten raw. They are fantasticwith a little olive oil, shaved parmesan cheese and a pinch of sea salt.
When they are full size, Italian Farm House Favas are time consuming to prepare in the traditional way but the result is worth it. Shell them and drop the shelled beans into boiling water for one minute. Drain and rinse with cold water to cool. To remove the skin from each bean, slit the skin with a fingernail and pop them out. Discard the skins. Put the skinned beans into about a quarter inch of water with a spoonful of olive oil and a sprig of thyme or a sage leaf. Barely simmer for 15-25 minutes until they are very tender, but still keep their shape. Favas can be used hot or cold, in salads or soups, or made into a seasoned puree which is great on crostini.
The reason the inner skins are removed when the favas are to be cooked is that they become bitter when they are in contact with water. There is a way around this. way around this: boiling favas in their pods. Put them unshelled into a large pat of boiling water, bring them back to a boil, and simmer for about 15 minutes. Run cold water over them until they can be handled, then let everyone shell their own eat them like edamame. The beans are fragrant and delicious with no trace of bitterness when prepared this way. This treat, called Baqleh, is served in teahouses in Iran.
Hardneck Garlic produces a delicious stem and top known as a Garlic Whips (or shoots, or whistles, or scapes). These are not flower buds; they are bundles of tiny garlic clones. If they are allowed to ripen and are planted, they will produce a head of garlic in two years. A clove of garlic will produce a mature head in 10 months.
Using Garlic Whips
Garlic whips produce a robust garlic flavor and can be used as a substitute for garlic cloves. If you are a garlic enthusiast you will undoubtedly enjoy eating a garlic whip in the raw. Other ways to enjoy garlic whips include:
- Lightly coat garlic whip with olive oil and sea salt. Place on hot grill and sear for 5 minutes while continually moving with tongs.
- Add them to spruce up any old salad, soup or stir-fry.
- Add them to your salad dressing.
- Saute on med-low with spring onions for 20 minutes. Then mix in with roasted turnips and sweet potato.
Tomatillo Recipes"Life after Salsa Verde"
By Blake Van Roekel
Polenta with Tomatillo Relish
Serves 6 as side dish or 10 to 12 as appetizer
- 1 cup of polenta or yellow corn grits
- 2 cups of water
Boil water. Throw a tablespoon of salt in it or so with the cream. Drizzle the polenta in while stirring. Reduce heat to a simmer, and stir the grains "vigorously". Slowly cook until the polenta grain is tender to the bite (salting the dish as you go to taste), 30 minutes or so. Intermittent stirring will produce a creamier texture.
Pour into a shallow serving dish, no larger than 9x13. Let cool and firm up while you prepare the tomatillo relish.
- 5-6 cloves of garlic minced
- 3 yellow onions finely chopped
- 7-10 tomatillos chopped
- 4 Black Hungarian peppers finely chopped
- 2 Hungarian Hot wax peppers finely chopped
- 3 tablespoons minced fresh oregano
- 2 Jimmy Nardello peppers (sliced lengthwise for garnish)
- olive oil
In a pot with a tight-fitting lid, cover bottom with olive oil. Add the onions and garlic, sprinkle with 1-2 tsp of salt, cover and "sweat" over low heat until the onions and garlic are tender. Add the tomatillos, peppers and oregano. Cover and cook until the tomatillos break down and become a sauce. Remove lid and reduce about 1/4 of the liquid until it is firm and thick. Salt to taste. Spread on the polenta. Sauté the Jimmy Nardello peppers slightly. Arrange on the top of the tomatillo relish. Refridgerate 4 hours or overnight if you would like to cut into squares and serve chilled (great for hot days).
Tomatillo Apple Jalapeno Sorbet
- 1 1/2 c. sugar
- 1 1/2 c. water
- 2 medium apples
- 3 medium tomatillos
- 1 jalapeno (I used the Gales Meadow Padrone pepper - wonderful!)
- 1 tsp lemon juice
Peel and core the apples, reserving the peel and core. Bring water and sugar to simmer. Add apple peel and cores. Halve and seed the jalapeno or Padrone pepper. Add to sugar/water mixture as well. Lightly simmer for 2 hours and reduce by about 1/3 (after words can be pulled off heat to sit all day further infusing the apple and pepper flavors). Meanwhile, chop the apples and tomatillos. Cover and cook until they break apart and form a sauce. Purée in blender or food processor. Strain the sugar mixture and pour liquid into the tomatillo apple purée with the lemon juice. If needed, cool in a cold water bath. Make sorbet according to your ice cream maker directions. If you don't have an ice cream maker, you can pour into a freezer bag/ziplock and massage it intermittently while it freezes to break up the ice crystals. Scoop and serve!
There are four common species of hard shelled cucurbits that can keep for several months. Some of them are called winter squash and others are called pumpkins. There is no botanical distinction between squashes and pumpkins.
The Cucurbita pepo species includes most pumpkin varieties from the little Baby Boo to the 30-pound Howden, as well as most of the colorful small gourds. Winter squashes in the pepo species include acorn, delicata, sweet dumpling, and spaghetti squash. Zucchini, crooknecks, scallopini, and other summer squash are also pepos.
Butternut squash is C. moscata. There are pumpkin-shaped moscatas including Long Island cheese, Musquee de Provence, and the Japanese Black Futsu. The delicious summer squash called tromboncino is also a moscata. The flesh of moscatas tends to be smooth, not very stringy and bright orange when ripe. In general, they are sweeter and more intensely flavored than pepos.
The really big pumpkins, Dill's Atlantic giant and Connecticut field pumpkin, are C. maxima. So are buttercup, hubbard, kubocha, and sweet meat squash. They have drier flesh than pepos, and a wide range of flavors. Some, but not all, have very tough shells.
The last species, C. mixta (or argyrosperma, according to one seed catalog), - Tennessee Sweet Potato, Tohono O'Odham Ha:l, and Pink Banana - have not produced mature fruit for us in the Gales Creek Valley. They might do better elsewhere in the Portland region.
There are distinctive botanical features that distinguish the different cucurbita species. The shape of the stems is an easy way to identify them. Pepos have hard stems with a rounded joint, moschata stems are hard with a pentagonal ridged joint, and maximas have fat spongy-looking stems. The seeds are also different. But their shapes, sizes, and skin colors, and the color of the raw and cooked flesh overlap.
There are differences in culinary characteristics: small pepos are usually baked and served in their shells; moscatas and maximas are used for soups, pies and puréed dishes. Large pepos, like jack-o-lantern pumpkins and spaghetti squash have stringy flesh.
Roasted Squash Soup with SageThis soup is most flavorful and least likely to be stringy if it is made with butternut (moschata) or one of the maxima squash varieties. Delicata or acorn squash will work nearly as well. Four pounds could be one whole butternut or kabocha, one-fourth of a sweet meat squash, or two or three delicatas. You can guess at the weight; proportions are flexible.
- 4 pounds of whole squash
- 2 tablespoons of olive oil
- 12 whole sage leaves
- 1 large sweet onion, peeled and diced
- 2 cloves of garlic, peeled and chopped
- 3 cups of chicken or vegetable broth
Preheat oven to 400oF. Cut squash in half and put it on an oiled cookie sheet, cut side down. If you are using less than half of a large squash like sweet meat, brush olive oil on exposed side (if it gets brown, that's good). Roast until very soft, about one hour.
Heat olive oil in a heavy pot and fry sage leaves, a few at a time, for about 15 seconds each. Put them on a paper towel to drain, and set aside. Sauté onion and garlic in the same oil until soft but not brown.
Remove squash from oven, let it cool until it can be easily handled, scrape flesh from skin and purée in a food processor with a little of the broth. Add purée to onions and garlic in pot, stir in the rest of the broth and simmer gently for about 20 minutes until flavors are blended.
Serve in large bowls, garnished with fried sage leaves.
Buttercup Squash New England Style
- 1 2-4 lb. squash, unpeeled and cut into 8 pieces
- 1/4 cup butter
- 1 tsp. salt
- 1 tsp. nutmeg
- 1/4 cup maple syrup
- 2 large apples
- 1/2 c. cranberry sauce
Stuffed BonBon Squash
- 1 2-4 lb. squash
- 1 tsp. black pepper
- 1 med. onion
- Dried red peppers
- 2 eggs, beaten
- 2 tbsp. butter
- 1/4 c. wheat germ or 1 c. bread crumbs
- 1 lb. ground chuck (optional)
- 1 clove garlic 1 tomato
- 1/4 c. Parmesan cheese
- 1 c. grated Tillamook Cheddar cheese
Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Cut squash in half and scoop out seeds. Bake, cut side down, for 45 minutes.
Meanwhile, melt butter in a large frying pan and sauté onion, garlic, and dried peppers. Add the ground chuck and brown. Mix together with eggs, cheeses, wheat germ or bread crumbs, and pepper. and celery flakes. Stuff squash with mixture and bake an additional 20 minutes or until done. Cut in half to serve 4.
Butternut Squash & Leek Soup with Herb ButterFor the Herb Butter:
- 1 oz. Shallots, finely chopped (About 2 T.)
- 1/4 c. dry sherry
- 1 stick unsalted butter (room temperature)
- 2 T chopped fresh chives or garlic greens
- 1 t salt
- 1/2 t freshly ground black pepper
For the Soup:
- 4 c well washed and chopped leeks,
- white part only (about 3 large leeks)
- 8 cups 1-inch cubes of butternut squash, peeled and seeded
- 1/2 c dry white wine
- 6 c chicken or vegetable broth
- Salt and black pepper to taste
Soup: Put the leeks in a heavy-based non- aluminum, 8-qt. stockpot. Put the squash over the leeks; add the wine and stock. Cover and bring to a boil. Reduce to a simmer; cook until the squash is fork-tender, about 25 min. Let cool 15 min. Add the salt and pepper; purée in a blender (or food processor). To Serve: Reheat the soup over low to medium heat, stirring frequently (or in a microwave). Ladle the hot soup into shallow bowls and garnish with dollops of herb butter and fresh chives or garlic greens.
Baked Holiday Squash
- 4 Carnival squash, halved lengthwise; seeds and membrane removed
- 1 cup organic brown rice
- 1/2 cup wild rice
- 4 cups or water
- 1/4 teaspoon sea salt
- 1 TBSP olive oil
- 1 medium onion, chopped
- 1/2 cup walnuts, coarsely chopped
- 1/2 cup apples, diced
- 1/2 cup cranberries
- 1/2 teaspoon sea salt
- 2-1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
- 1/8 teaspoon each ground black pepper
- 1/8 teaspoon ground cloves
- 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
Preheat oven to 375° F.Cook both varieties of rice together in broth or water with 1/4 teaspoon of salt (omit salt if broth is already salted). Meanwhile, place squash halves, cut side down, into a large shallow baking dish or cookie sheet (you may need two). Bake for 30 minutes.
In a skillet, sauté onion in olive oil until it becomes transparent. Remove from heat. Using a large mixing bowl, blend this mixture together with the cooked rice, cranberries, nuts, apples, and remaining seasonings.
When done, remove the partially baked squash from the oven. Spoon out some of the cooked squash and mix it with the rest of the ingredients. Be sure to scrape only a little; you want to leave squash in the shells, too.
Press the rice mixture into each squash cavity, mounding rice as much as possible. (Depending on how large the squash are, you may end up with some leftover rice mixture, which makes a great side dish by itself.)
Cover with aluminum foil and bake for 30 minutes or until squash flesh is thoroughly tender.
Carnival Squash And Wild Rice
- 2 Carnival squash
- 1/2 pound Small Brussels sprouts
- 2 teaspoons Olive oil
- 1 cup Diced onion
- 1 teaspoon Fennel seeds
- 1 teaspoon Dried marjoram
- 1/4 cup Minced fresh sage
- 1/4 cup Fresh orange juice
- 2 teaspoons Fresh lemon juice
- 1/8 teaspoon Freshly grated pepper
- 2 cups Cooked wild rice
Preheat the oven to 350 degrees (F). Cut each squash in half and remove the seeds and pulp. In a large baking dish, place the squash, cut side down, with about 1 inch of water. Bake until tender, about 45 minutes.
Pour about 2 inches of water into a large stockpot. Place a collapsible steamer in the pot, cover, and bring to a boil. Place the Brussels sprouts in the steamer, cover, and steam for 5 to 7 minutes, or until tender. Set aside.
Meanwhile, in a large skillet, heat the oil over low heat. Add the onion and sauté for 10 minutes, stirring frequently. Stir in the fennel, marjoram, sage, orange juice, lemon juice, and pepper, and simmer for 3 minutes. Stir in the cooked wild rice and the Brussels sprouts and heat through.Spoon the wild rice and Brussels sprout mixture into the squash cavities. Serve immediately.
Moroccan-Style Vegetable Soup
- 2 T Safflower oil
- 2 lg Onions,chopped
- 2 Potatoes,scrubbed and cut-into 3/4" chunks
- 2 c Raw butternut-squash,peeled and cut into 3/4" chunks
- 2 lg Carrots,coarsely chopped
- 1 14 oz can tomatoes with liquid,-chopped (14 oz)
- 2 t ground cumin
- 3/4 t Turmeric
- 2 c Chick peas, canned or well-cooked
- Salt & fresh-ground pepper to taste
- 1 c Whole grain couscous -(presteamed, cracked semolina)
Heat the oil in a large soup pot. Add the onions and sauté over moderate heat until golden. Add the potatoes, pumpkin or squash, carrots, tomatoes, and enough water to cover. Bring to a boil, then add the seasonings and simmer over low heat, covered, for approximately 45 minutes, or until the vegetables are tender.
Add the chick peas and season to taste with salt and pepper. Simmer over very low heat for another 15 minutes.
In the meantime, place the couscous in an oven-proof bowl. Cover with two cups of boiling water, then cover the bowl and let stand for 15 minutes. Fluff with a fork. Place a small amount of the couscous in each soup bowl, then ladle the soup over it. Serve at once.
Costata Romanesco SquashCostata Romanesco is an Italian heirloom zucchini with a green and white speckled skin and lengthwise ridges. We think it is so much better than other zucchini varieties that we do not grow any other kind. It is about twice the size of other zucchini when it blooms, and is tender with undeveloped seeds even when it is about 15 inches long and 3 inches in diameter. It has a pleasant, slightly nutty taste. When it is sliced crosswise, the slices have a pretty, fluted edge. The key to summer squash quality is a tender skin. A few surface scratches are almost inevitable because the skin of a perfect summer squash is thin and delicate.
We sell large squash - the ones which eluded our notice in the rampantly growing squash patch until they got a hard skin and more developed seeds - as "monster zucchini." These are good for zucchini bread, soup, stuffed baked zucchini, and for the zucchini bake recipe below.
This is a great vegetarian main course for four. It makes a nice snack or appetizer when cut into smaller servings. Leftovers, if there are any, are good cold.
- 1 large zucchini, 2 - 3 lbs, grated or finely chopped, but not peeled.
- 1 t. sea salt
- Freshly ground pepper to taste
- ½ cup freshly grated parmesan cheese
- 1 cup biscuit mix
- ½ cup basil, finely chopped
- 3 cloves of garlic, minced
- ½ cup olive oil
- 4 eggs, slightly beaten
Heat oven to 375??f. Oil the sides and bottom of a 13 x 9" baking pan. Mix the ingredients in the order given. Spread into pan. Bake for about 45 minutes or until nicely browned on top. Cut into large squares to serve.Grilled Costata Romanesco
Use medium to large squashes, at least 2 ½ inches in diameter. Slice crosswise in ½ inch slices. Brush lightly with olive oil. Put them on a hot grill and turn after 3-4 minutes. They should be browned but not burned. Cook them another 2-3 minutes. Sprinkle with chopped basil.
Costata Romanesco can also be roasted in a 400° oven for about 10 minutes. Turn each slice over after the first five minutes.
Zucchini with Pasta
Slice zucchini into ½ inch slices and sauté until just tender (about 5 minutes) in olive oil. Add some chopped filberts. Cook some pasta; when it's done, spoon a few tablespoons of the pasta cooking water into the zucchini pan. Add pesto. Serve immediately over the pasta, with a sprinkle of grated parmesan.
FennelFennel originated in the Mediterranean. It's used in many cuisines, flavoring dishes from Indian curries to French stews. The flavor of the bulb is more pronounced when used raw. Thick slices grill or bake beautifully, with the heat creating a more subtle and complex flavor. Fennel fronds can substitute for dill. The seeds are used for meat and baked goods or in spice mixes including Herbes de Provence, Chinese five spice powder and Indian curry powder.
Fennel - Parmesan Salad
- 1 fennel bulb, shaved thin
- 2 Tbsp extra virgin olive oil
- 1 Tbsp fresh lemon juice
- 1/8 teaspoon of chopped fresh thyme leaves
- 1 Tbsp chopped flat-leafed parsley
- 2 Tbsp shaved Parmesan cheese
- 2 fennel bulbs (thick base of stalk), stalks cut off, bulbs sliced
- Olive oil
- Balsamic vinegar
Preheat oven to 400°F. Rub just enough olive oil over the fennel to coat. Sprinkle on some balsamic vinegar, also to coat. Line baking dish with aluminum foil. Lay out pieces of fennel and roast for 15-20 minutes, until the fennel is cooked through and beginning to caramelize.
Fennel Braised with Tomatoes and Shallots
- 3 fennel bulbs, cut into quarters
- 3 tomatoes, peeled and cut into quarters
- 3 Tablespoons finely chopped shallots
- 2 Tablespoons dill
- 1 teaspoon coriander seeds
- 1 Tablespoons olive oil
- 1 cup vegetable stock
Steam the fennel for 5 minutes, or place it in the microwave with a little water and cook on high about 3 minutes or until slightly tender.. In a sauté pan, heat the oil over med-high heat. Add the shallots and cook stirring until soft ~ about 1 minute. Add the tomatoes, fennel and vegetable broth. Reduce heat to low and cook for about 8 minutes. Remove from the heat and stir in the dill and coriander.
- 1/4 cup butter
- 5 fennel bulbs, trimmed and quartered
- 1 quart chicken or vegetable broth
- salt and pepper to taste
Melt the butter in a large skillet over medium heat. Add the quartered fennel bulbs; cook and stir until golden brown, about 10 minutes. Pour in the broth, and simmer until fennel is tender, about 15 more minutes. Ladle into soup bowls, and season with salt and pepper.
Using SorrelIf you've never used sorrel, try adding small amounts to your salads. In any recipe that calls for spinach you can substitute a small amount of sorrel-try 1/4 sorrel, 3/4 spinach as a start. Place a sprig or two on sandwiches. Shred sorrel into soups with a tomato, beet, cabbage, or fish base. It is one of the herbs that is best added at the last minute instead of cooking for longer periods of time. Sorrel does not dry well, but you can purée the leaves and store in the freezer
Greens and FishAn old French recipe
- 1/2 pound chard
- 1/2 pound spinach
- few leaves of sorrel
- one garlic clove
- 2 pounds thin fish fillets
- Crusty bread
Place the greens and one peeled, crushed garlic clove in a pot and cook
- 1/2 pound sorrel
- 2 tablespoons butter
- 6 cups water
- 1/2 pound potatoes, peeled and quartered
- 2 tsp. salt
- 1 cup milk
- 1 egg yolk
Clean and shred sorrel, then chop. In a large heavy pan, heat butter. Add sorrel and cook, stirring, for ten minutes until reduced to about 1/2 cup. Add the water, potatoes and salt. Bring to a boil. Cover and simmer for 1/2 hour. Strain and mash or purée the vegetables. Stir the cooking liquid into vegetables and return to pan. Bring to boil. Stir in milk and yolk. Cook until hot, but do not boil. Serve with French Bread.
This information on Sorrel comes from: http://www.gardenguides.com/how-to/tipstechniques/vegetables/sorrel2.asp.
Ragout of Turnips, Peas, and Sorrel
- 1 tablespoon butter
- 6 spring onions, cut in 1" pieces
- 3 turnips, peeled and chopped into 1" pieces
- 1 sprig of thyme
- Sea salt and freshly ground pepper
- 1/2 pound of peas, shelled
- 1 bag of sorrel (3-4 oz), chopped fine
Melt the butter in a skillet and add the turnips, onions, and sprig of thyme. Add about 1/2 inch of water and 1 teaspoon salt. Simmer, partially covered until the turnips are tender, about 15 minutes.. Add the peas and sorrel and simmer for another two minutes. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Serve with a spoonful of yogurt on top. (Based on a recipe from Deborah Madison's Local Flavors: Cooking and Eating from America's Farmers Markets.)